一起用英音读顺口溜 The Major-General Song

the major general song the pirates of penzance

The Major General Song -- 吉尔伯特与沙利文

       站长按:提起英国的文化艺术,特别是涉及到语言的表演艺术,就不能不提古典歌剧;好吧,我知道你有点向往有点头疼,今天还是让我们就从一首脍炙人口的歌曲Major-General's Song说起。

      这首The Major General Song摘自于吉尔伯特与沙利文轻歌剧《彭赞斯的海盗》(The Pirates of Penzance);吉尔伯特与沙利文何许人也?他们是维多利亚时代幽默剧作家William S. Gilbert与英国作曲家Arthur Sullivan。这两位在1871年到1896年长达二十五年的合作中,共同创作了14部喜剧,其中最著名的为《皮纳福号军舰》(H.M.S. Pinafore)、《彭赞斯的海盗》(The Pirates of Penzance)和《日本天皇》(The Mikado)。

      Gilbert和Sullivan在多易利.卡特剧院(D'Oyly Carte)的凑合下成为合作拍档,开始创作这种类型的英式轻歌剧。吉尔伯特与沙利文一人写曲一人写词,天作之合天衣无缝。等等,别腐,不同于我国的俞伯牙与钟子期,这两位伙计其实个性天差地别,常闹不合,出身也迥异,但却创作出许多英国史上最受欢迎的喜歌剧作品,真是个奇迹。

gilbert sullivan 吉尔伯特和沙利文


      他们的歌剧获得了全球的成功,如今在使用英语的国家依旧经常演出。他们合作创造了内容和形式的革新,直接影响了整个20世纪音乐剧的发展。他们的歌剧还影响了政治演讲、文学、电影和电视,并被幽默作家大量模仿。一百年前的观众为他们轻松却又尖酸讽刺的歌剧捧腹,一百年后全世界各地都有观众看他们的戏依旧爆笑。(额,站长简单看了下视频,也傻笑了)。


      彭赞斯是英国西南部康沃尔郡一座海滨城市,濒临芒茨湾。气候温和。17世纪该地是海盗的活动中心,现为重要的旅游中心。《彭赞斯的海盗》这部描写海盗生活的滑稽音乐剧是使后来在电影界大为有名、并获得奥斯卡奖的 Kevin Kline(不是Calvin Klein) 成名的音乐剧。

      这首I am the very model of modern major-general,或作Major-general Song;是剧中的英国军官Stanley刚出场的自白,有点讽刺19世纪初大英帝国的所谓受过良好教育的“现代化”军官形象的味道(“我是个现代化的少将,我知道蔬菜、动物、矿产。”)。歌词中这种快速的节奏,各种顺口溜加绕口令的形式,以及频用押韵高阶词使得它成为一直以来最难表演的歌剧曲目之一;


I am the very model of a modern Major-General,
I've information vegetable, animal, and mineral,
I know the kings of England, and I quote the fights historical
From Marathon to Waterloo, in order categorical;a
I'm very well acquainted, too, with matters mathematical,
I understand equations, both the simple and quadratical,
About binomial theorem I'm teeming with a lot o' news,
With many cheerful facts about the square of the hypotenuse.


I'm very good at integral and differential calculus;
I know the scientific names of beings animalculous:
In short, in matters vegetable, animal, and mineral,
I am the very model of a modern Major-General.
I know our mythic history, King Arthur's and Sir Caradoc's;
I answer hard acrostics, I've a pretty taste for paradox,
I quote in elegiacs all the crimes of Heliogabalus,
In conics I can floor peculiarities parabolous;


I can tell undoubted Raphaels from Gerard Dows and Zoffanies,
I know the croaking chorus from The Frogs of Aristophanes!b
Then I can hum a fugue of which I've heard the music's din afore,c
And whistle all the airs from that infernal nonsense Pinafore.
Then I can write a washing bill in Babylonic cuneiform,
And tell you ev'ry detail of Caractacus's uniform:d
In short, in matters vegetable, animal, and mineral,
I am the very model of a modern Major-General.


In fact, when I know what is meant by "mamelon" and "ravelin",
When I can tell at sight a Mauser rifle from a Javelin,e
When such affairs as sorties and surprises I'm more wary at,
And when I know precisely what is meant by "commissariat",
When I have learnt what progress has been made in modern gunnery,
When I know more of tactics than a novice in a nunnery—
In short, when I've a smattering of elemental strategy—
You'll say a better Major-General has never sat a gee.


For my military knowledge, though I'm plucky and adventury,
Has only been brought down to the beginning of the century;
But still, in matters vegetable, animal, and mineral,
I am the very model of a modern Major-General.


      今天推出的这个视频,大家跟着朗读多遍直至成诵乃至成吟,一定会对音调,和连音有更深的理解和掌握,特别是注意“model”的发音;另外,不光要和高阶的fancy词汇混个面熟,更要看看链接的歌剧故事简介,相信你也一定有兴趣慢慢对古典歌剧开始了解。

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【轻歌剧演唱版】

潘赞斯海盗简介【猛击此处】【English

 

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